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Alabama Maps and Data

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Alabama State Profile

Alabama State Map

Population

  • With 4,557,808 residents in 2005, Alabama is the 23rd most populated state in the U.S.
  • The total population of Alabama grew 2.5 percent from 2000 to 2005 – a growth rate below the U.S. average of 5.3 percent.
  • Alabama is becoming more diverse. The percentage of Whites is declining while the percentages of Hispanics, African-Americans, and Asians are growing.

Distribution (%) of Total Population by Race/Ethnicity from 2000 to 2005
Race/Ethnicity 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
White 70.4% 70.1% 69.9% 69.7% 69.5% 69.3%
Hispanic, Latino 1.7% 1.8% 1.9% 2.1% 2.2% 2.3%
African-American 25.9% 26.0% 26.1% 26.1% 26.2% 26.2%
Native American, AK Native 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5%
Asian, Pacific Islander 0.7% 0.7% 0.8% 0.8% 0.8% 0.8%
Two or More Races 0.8% 0.8% 0.8% 0.8% 0.8% 0.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates

Alabama - Cities and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)

  • The four largest cities (Metropolitan Areas) in Alabama are Birmingham-Hoover, Mobile, Huntsville, and Montgomery.
  • Birmingham had an estimated population of 1,090,126 in 2005 – the 48th largest MSA in the U.S.
  • The estimated population in Mobile in 2005 was 401,427 – the 119th largest metropolitan area in the U.S.
  • Huntsville was the 133rd largest metropolitan area with 368,661 residents.
  • Montgomery (the capital of AL) had 357,244 residents – the 135th largest MSA in the U.S.

Alabama - Income and Poverty

  • In 2004, Alabama ranked 40th among the 50 states in personal income per capita ($27,695 per resident).
  • Alabama’s personal income relative to the U.S. rose from 68 percent in 1960 to 84 percent in 2004 – but still remains well below the U.S. average (see below).

Personal Income per Capita in Alabama as a Percent of the U.S. Average from 1960 to 2004
Alabama per capita income map
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

  • Among the 50 states, Alabama has the 7th highest percentage of its total population living in poverty (17.0%) and the 7th highest percentage of children under 18 living in poverty (24.8%) – 2005 American Community Survey.

Alabama - Educational Attainment

  • In 2005, Alabama ranked 45th among the 50 states in the percentage of its adults aged 25 to 64 with at least high school diploma (84.1%).
  • Alabama ranked 43rd in the percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor’s degree or higher (23.1%) and 34th in the percentage with a graduate or professional degree (8.3%).
  • Relative to the U.S. average, Alabama has larger percentages of adults who have less than a high school education and have completed just a high school diploma and smaller percentages with college degrees – associate and higher (see below).

Educational Attainment of 25 to 64 Year Olds in 2005 – Alabama and the U.S. Average
Alabama education attainment
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

Alabama - Workforce and Economy

  • In 2005, Alabama had the 11th lowest unemployment rate of all states – 4.0 percent compared to the U.S. average of 5.1 percent. (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
  • Relative to the U.S. average, Alabama has a much larger percentage of its workforce employed in construction, production and transportation occupations, the same as the U.S. in farming and forestry occupations, and smaller percentages employed in all other occupational categories (see below).

Distribution (%) of Employment by Occupation in 2005
Distribution (%) of Employment by Occupation in 2005
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

  • The distribution of employment by industry reveals a similar pattern of employment – with larger percentages of Alabama’s employment in the manufacturing and transportation industries, and also the retail trade industry (see below).

Distribution (%) of Employment by Industry in 2005
Distribution (%) of Employment by Industry in 2005
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

  • Alabama ranked 47th among the 50 states on the Progressive Policy Institute’s 2002 State New Economy Index – an index that measures the degree to which states are structured according to the new “knowledge-based” economy. (Located at: http://www.neweconomyindex.org/states/index.html)

Alabama - Health and Well-Being

  • 13.5 percent of Alabama residents do not have health insurance – the 20th lowest percentage in the U.S. (2005 Current Population Survey)
  • 28.8 percent of Alabama residents are overweight enough to be labeled obese – much higher than the national average of 23.1 percent and the state with the second highest rate of obesity in the U.S. (Centers for Disease Control)
  • In Alabama, 213 per 100,000 residents died of cancer during the years 2000 to 2002 – slightly higher than the U.S. average of 204 per 100,000 residents (Centers for Disease Control).
  • A higher proportion of Alabama residents (376 of 100,000) died of cardiovascular complications from 2000 to 2002 – higher than the national average of 333 per 100,000 residents (Centers for Disease Control).
  • On the 2005 America’s Health Rankings (United Health Foundation), Alabama ranked 45th among the states in overall health. The state rankings and measures can be accessed at http://www.unitedhealthfoundation.org/ahr2005.html.

Alabama - Crime and Corrections

  • In 2004, Alabama had the 22nd highest rate of violent crime among the 50 states (427 incidences per 100,000 residents). The U.S. rate was 466 incidences per 100,000 residents. (FBI, Uniform Crime Reports)
  • In the same year, there were 4,025 incidences of property crime per 100,000 residents in Alabama – above the U.S. average of 3,517.
  • Alabama had the 8th highest incarceration rate per capita in 2004 – with 572 prisoners under federal and state jurisdiction per 100,000 residents. The rate of incarceration in Alabama has remained above the U.S. average since 1980 (see below).

Number of Prisoners (Federal and State) Per 100,000 Residents – Alabama and the U.S. Average
Number of Prisoners (Federal and State) Per 100,000 Residents – Alabama and the U.S. Average
Sources: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Alabama Counties

State averages often mask vast disparities within states. For example, the personal income per capita in Alabama ranges from $17,976 in Bullock County to $36,041 in Jefferson County. Also, the percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor’s degree or higher ranges from 7.2 percent in Bibb County to 39.6 percent in Shelby County (a ratio of more than 5 to 1).

Therefore, it is important to display regional and county differences. Many of these data are available to MyOnlineMaps.com subscribers at the state and county levels – and can be used to generate state and county maps or to download for research purposes. Furthermore, the “Resources” section of MyonlineMaps.com contains links to these and other valuable data sources.

Alabama Counties

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